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特别推荐第五期:西班牙双柱币

双柱"有"双球"和"人头像'两种。1732年开铸前者,1772年开铸后者。神话中欧非两洲原本相连,后被大力士海格立斯拉开。直布罗陀两岸的山峰被称为海格立斯柱,这就是双柱的来历。

There are two kinds of double pillars: double ball and human head. The former was cast in 1732 and the latter in 1772. Shinhwa, China, Europe and Africa were originally connected and were later pulled apart by Hercules. The peaks on both sides of Gibraltar are called Hercules, which is the origin of the two pillars.

 

1494年西班牙和葡萄牙签订托德西利亚条约,以西经48~49度为界,以东属葡萄牙,以西属西班牙。人像银元有查理三世、四世和费迪南七世3个版别。

In 1494, Spain and Portugal signed the Treaty of Tordesilla, bounded to the west by 48~49 degrees, to the east by Portugal and to the west by Spain. There are three editions of portrait silver: Charles III, IV and Ferdinand VII.

 

【藏品名称】:西班牙双柱币

"Collection Name": Spanish Double Column Currency

此枚西班牙双柱币为1808年铸四世币,正面人像右边为DEI·GRATIA,左边为CAROLUS·Ⅲ,拉丁文意为"蒙神之恩查理三世为西班牙国王"。三世像但铸四世字,只铸1790年。1791~1808年铸四世币,字与前者相同,只是Ⅲ改为IIII。1808年以后,人像左边字改为FEDIN·Ⅶ,即费迪南七世。1821年墨西哥独立,1825年停铸"双柱",改铸"鹰洋"。

This Spanish double-columned coin was coined in 1808 for the 4th generation. The front portrait shows DEI·GRATIA on the right and CAROLUS·Ⅲ on the left. Latin means "blessed by God, Charles III is the king of Spain". The image of the third generation was cast as the character of the fourth generation, only in 1790. From 1791 to 1808, the fourth world currency was coined with the same word as the former, except that iii was changed to IIII. After 1808, the character on the left of the portrait was changed to FEDIN·Ⅶ, i.e. ferdinand vii. Mexico became independent in 1821. in 1825, it stopped casting "double pillars" and changed to "eagle ocean".

 

"双柱"背面,两柱之间的皇冠下是盾徽,盾徽中央是三朵百合花;两个斜角对称为立狮,表示为亚拉冈王国;古城堡,表示为卡斯提王国。背面自右而左为HISPAN·ET·IND·REX以及8R等,意为西班牙及西印度群岛国王(1492年哥伦布到此误为印度附近的岛屿)。R为币制单位里亚尔,M上边有个小圆圈,表示为墨西哥。柱上有卷轴缠绕,成S形,S加两坚杠表示"元"也就由此而来。卷轴上有拉丁文PLVS VLTRA,意为"海外还有天地"。两柱间有两个球,意为要征服全球。

On the back of the "double pillars", under the crown between the two pillars is the crest, and in the middle of the crest are three lilies. The two diagonal pairs are called vertical lions, which are called Aragorn Kingdom. Ancient castle, expressed as Castile Kingdom. From right to left on the back are HISPAN·ET·IND·REX and 8R, which means king of Spain and west Indies (Columbus arrived here in 1492 and was mistaken for an island near India). R is the monetary unit riyal, and m has a small circle above it, which indicates Mexico. There are scrolls wound on the column, forming an S-shape. S plus two strong bars means "yuan" is also derived from this. There is Latin PLVS VLTRA on the scroll, which means "there is heaven and earth abroad". There are two balls between the two pillars, which means to conquer the world.

 

西班牙“地球双柱”银币,在梅州地区不断有所发现,它是近代见证梅州与海上丝绸之路历史的重要物证,对于收藏者而言,在致力于历史银币的收藏、研究时,不能忽视西班牙跨海贸易的“双柱”银币这一品种。尽管历史已经久远,很难寻觅到佳品。

Spain's "double pillars of the earth" silver coin has been found in Meizhou area continuously. it is an important material evidence to witness the history of Meizhou and the maritime silk road in modern times. for collectors, the "double pillars" silver coin of Spain's cross-sea trade cannot be ignored when they are dedicated to the collection and research of historical silver coins. Despite its long history, it is difficult to find a good product.

 

 

 

 

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